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What is Nail Art, its Origin and Development

What is Nail Art?

Nail art is a kind of finger (toe) nail decoration and beautification work, also known as nail art design. Nail art is a process of disinfecting, cleaning, nursing, maintenance and embellishment of finger (toe) nails according to the hand shape, nail shape, skin type, clothing color and requirements of guests. It has the characteristics of diversified forms of expression

The Origins of Nail Art

Manicures have been around for a long time. In ancient Egypt, people used impala fur to make their nails shiny and laver juice to make them red.

In China, nail art dates back to the Shang and Zhou dynasties. Women would mix rubber, egg white, gelatin, and beeswax to make varnish, and then add metal powder for nail polish.

Nail art has been passed down through generations and is still popular today. So, nail art has a long history in China, spanning thousands of years.

Nail art development

In ancient times, manicures were regarded as a symbol of social status, and only nobles could enjoy such services, as ordinary people had to struggle to make a living. In addition to being a symbol of social status, nail art is also considered to be one of the important ways to protect fingers, after all, in ancient times, women’s daily work intensity is still very large, and nail art can protect people’s fingers. This is also one of the important reasons why nail art has been passed down.

In ancient China, women often kept their nails long while men kept their nails short. Women with long nails are often decorated with red or Vermilion dyes to show their social status.

Since the Han Dynasty, China developed a special art of grinding shell fragments into a fine powder, which was then glued to the nails to form patterns. This technique was developed and perfected in later dynasties.

During the Tang Dynasty, manicures became more elaborate and varied. Manicurists are beginning to use materials such as gold leaf, shells and pearls to create ornate designs for nails. Nail art is no longer just a symbol of social status, it has also become a form of art, showing a woman’s personal taste and aesthetic.

The reason why nail art was able to develop better in the Tang Dynasty was that the Tang Dynasty was economically developed and its culture was also in a leading position in the world at that time. It has very frequent cultural exchanges with many countries in the world, and it has the spirit of entertainment, which also makes the people more open-minded, and the bondage to women is a little less, so women’s pursuit of beauty will be more, which also makes “dyeing nail” become a fashion benchmark.

With the development of time and the continuous improvement of aesthetic standards, nail art has gradually become diversified, and it has become a fashion and custom. Rich women usually dye their nails, while poor women in leisure and marriage make delicate hands especially attractive.

Nail art development in other countries

Over time, nail art spread to other Asian countries. In India, a manicure, known as a Mehdi, is a temporary tattoo made with natural vegetable dyes that can last for weeks or even months. The technique is popular and has become an important part of traditional weddings and celebrations.

By the 17th century, the French aristocracy began to rise the nail craze. Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, was a staunch advocate of nail art, pushing the technology forward and introducing nail polish to take it to new heights.

In the early 20th century, manicures became the focus of public attention. More and more people are using nail polish to decorate their nails. With the development of the chemical industry, the texture, color and durability of nail polish have also improved.

Today, nail art has become a popular fashion trend all over the world. Different countries and regions have their own unique nail culture and style. From simple nail polish to intricate 3D floral and crystal decorations, everyone can create unique nail designs according to their personal preferences.

To sum up, the origin of nail art can be traced back to the Shang Dynasty in ancient China, which has undergone a long development process and has become popular around the world. From traditional shell shards to modern nail polish techniques, nail art has played different roles in different time periods and cultures. Nowadays, nail art has become an important way to express personal aesthetic and fashion taste, and everyone can show their personality and uniqueness through nail art.